Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Prehistoric Ice-Skating Wolves Once Roamed the Falkland Islands

Prehistoric Ice-Skating Wolves Once Roamed the Falkland Islands
Mar 5, 2013 | Disinformation | Matt Staggs

Hooray science! Here’s an intensely weird mental image to enjoy: Scientists are theorizing that the prehistoric ancestors of the now-extinct Falkland Islands wolf (RIP, 1876) got there by way of “ice-skating” across the frozen ocean during the last Ice Age. The creature’s presence had perplexed Darwin, but with the advent of DNA testing, scientists are developing a more complete picture of how the Falkland Islands wolf got to be on the islands:

Via LiveScience:
The reddish coyote-sized Falkland Islands wolf was the only mammal native to the Falkland Islands far off the east coast of Argentina. The foxlike predator lived on seals, penguins and sea birds until hunters exterminated it in 1876.

The existence of the Falklands wolf perplexed Darwin when he first encountered it in 1834. “How did this great big carnivore arrive to a set of islands 460 kilometers (285 miles) from the nearest mainland when no other terrestrial mammal did?” asked researcher Alan Cooper, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Adelaide in Australia. “If it came by a land bridge, then the islands should’ve been covered with rodents as well, since South America is rodent central.”

“It was incredibly tame — it swam out to meet sailors, wagging its tail,” Cooper told LiveScience. “That led to suggestions that it was a semi-domesticated dog that Native Americans took out while hunting, explaining how it got to the Falklands when there were no other mammals there.” [Gallery: Photos Reveal Amazing Wolves]

However, past analysis of DNA from museum specimens of the Falklands wolf, including one that Darwin collected, revealed it was not a dog after all. Instead, its nearest living ancestor was the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) from the South American savannas, an odd predator resembling a red fox with almost stiltlike legs.

To help solve the mystery of how the Falklands wolf colonized the islands, Cooper and his colleagues compared its DNA with remains of what seemed like its closest extinct mainland relative, Dusicyon avus. This carnivore is similar to the Falklands wolf, save for smaller teeth and jaws.

The analysis suggested the Falklands wolf did not become isolated from its mainland cousins until about 16,000 years ago, before scientists think humans arrived this far south in South America. This time coincided with the last height of the ice age, when glaciers covered large portions of the planet.
If you haven’t died of sugar shock thinking of sweet, tail-wagging, ice-skating doggies, you can click here to learn more.

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